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799 Other ill-defined and unknown causes of morbidity and mortality
799.0 AsphyxiaExcludes: asphyxia (due to):
carbon monoxide (986)
inhalation of food or foreign body (932-934)
799.1 Respiratory failureCardiorespiratory failure Respiratory arrest
Excludes: cardiac arrest (427.5)
failure of peripheral circulation (785.5)
respiratory failure, newborn (770.8)
respiratory insufficiency (786.0)
799.3 Debility, unspecifiedExcludes: asthenia (780.7)
nervous debility (300.5)
senile asthenia (797)
799.8 Other ill-defined conditions
799.9 Other unknown and unspecified causeUndiagnosed disease, not specified as to site or system involved
Unknown cause of morbidity or mortality
SUPPLEMENTARY CLASSIFICATION OF EXTERNAL CAUSES OF INJURY AND
This section is provided to permit the classification of environmental
events, circumstances and conditions as the cause of injury, poisoning and
other adverse effects. Where a code from this section is applicable, it is
intended that it shall be used in addition to a code from one of the main
chapters of the International Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes
of Death, indicating the nature of the condition. Most often, the nature of
the condition will be classifiable to Chapter XVII, Injuries, Poisoning and
Violence, and for the classification of the underlying cause of death these
will always require an "E" code in addition. Causes of death should
preferably be tabulated according to both the Chapter XVII and the "E" codes,
but if only one code is tabulated then the "E" code should be used in
preference to the Chapter XVII code. Certain other conditions which may be
stated to be due to external causes are classified in Chapters I to XVI of
ICD, and for these the "E" code classification should be used as an
additional code for multiple-condition analysis only.
Machinery accidents [other than connected with transport] are classifiable
to category E919, in which the fourth digit allows a broad classification of
the type of machinery involved. If a more detailed classification of type of
machinery is required, it is suggested that the "Classification of Industrial
Accidents according to Agency," prepared by the International Labor Office, be
used in addition.
Categories for "late effects" of accidents and other external causes are
to be found at E929, E959, E969, E977, E989, and E999.
Definitions and examples related to transport accidents
(a) A transport accident (E800-E848) is any accident involving a device
designed primarily for, or being used at the time primarily for, conveying
persons or goods from one place to another.
Includes: accidents involving:
aircraft and spacecraft (E840-E848)
motor vehicle (E810-E825)
other road vehicles (E826-E829)
In classifying accidents which involve more than one kind of transport, the
above order of precedence of transport accidents should be used.
Accidents involving agricultural and construction machines, such as tractors,
cranes and bulldozers, are regarded as transport accidents only when these
vehicles are under their own power on a highway [otherwise the vehicles are
regarded as machinery]. Vehicles which can travel on land or water, such as
hovercraft and other amphibious vehicles, are regarded as watercraft when on
the water, as motor vehicles when on the highway, and as off-road motor
vehicles when on land, but off the highway.
in sports which involve the use of transport but where the
transport vehicle itself is not involved in the
involving vehicles which are part of industrial equipment
used entirely on industrial premises
occurring during transportation but unrelated to the hazards
associated with the means of transportation [e.g.,
injuries received in a fight on board ship; transport
vehicle involved in a cataclysm such as an earthquake]
to persons engaged in the maintenance or repair of transport
equipment or vehicle not in motion, unless injured by
another vehicle in motion
(b) A railway accident is a transport accident involving a railway train or
other railway vehicle operated on rails, whether in motion or not.
in repair shops
in roundhouse or on turntable
on railway premises but not involving a train or other
(c) A railway train or railway vehicle is any device with or without cars
coupled to it, designed for traffic on a railway.
Includes: railway train, any power [steam] [electric] [diesel]
subterranean or elevated
monorail or two-rail
electric car } (operated chiefly on its own right-of-way,
streetcar ) not open to other traffic)
other vehicle designed to run on a railway track
Excludes: interurban electric cars [streetcars] specified to be operating
on a right-of-way that forms part of the public street or
highway [definition (n)]
(d) A railway or railroad is a right-of-way designed for traffic on rails,
which is used by carriages or wagons transporting passengers or freight, and
by other rolling stock, and which is not open to other public vehicular
(e) A motor vehicle accident is a transport accident involving a motor
vehicle. It is defined as a motor vehicle traffic accident or as a motor
vehicle nontraffic accident according to whether the accident occurs on a
public highway or elsewhere.
Excludes: injury or damage due to cataclysm
injury or damage while a motor vehicle, not under its own power,
is being loaded on, or unloaded from, another conveyance
(f) A motor vehicle traffic accident is any motor vehicle accident occurring
on a public highway [i.e., originating, terminating or involving vehicle
partially on the highway]. A motor vehicle accident is assumed to have
occurred on the highway unless another place is specified, except in the case
of accidents involving only off-road motor vehicles, which are classified as
nontraffic accidents unless the contrary is stated.
(g) A motor vehicle nontraffic accident is any motor vehicle accident which
occurs entirely in any place other than a public highway.
(h) A public highway [trafficway] or street is the entire width between
property lines [or other boundary lines] of every way or place, of which any
part is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic as a
matter of right or custom. A roadway is that part of the public highway
designed, improved and ordinarily used, for vehicular travel.
Includes: approaches (public) to:
Excludes: driveway (private) roads in:
parking lot industrial premises
roads in: private grounds
(i) A motor vehicle is any mechanically or electrically powered device, not
operated on rails, upon which any person or property may be transported or
drawn upon a highway. Any object such as a trailer, coaster, sled, or wagon
being towed by a motor vehicle is considered a part of the motor vehicle.
Includes: automobile [any type]
construction machinery, farm and industrial machinery, steam
roller, tractor, army tank, highway grader or similar
vehicle on wheels or treads, while in transport under own
fire engine (motorized)
motorized bicycle [moped] or scooter
trolley bus not operating on rails
Excludes: devices used solely to move persons or materials within the
confines of a building and its premises, such as:
coal car in mine
electric baggage or mail truck used solely within a railroad
electric truck used solely within an industrial plant
moving overhead crane
(j) A motorcycle is a two-wheeled motor vehicle having one or two riding
saddles and sometimes having a third wheel for the support of a sidecar. The
sidecar is considered part of the motorcycle.
(k) An off-road motor vehicle is a motor vehicle of special design, to enable
it to negotiate rough or soft terrain or snow. Examples of special design are
high construction, special wheels and tires, drive by tracks, or support on a
cushion of air.
Includes: army tank
hovercraft, on land or swamp
(l) A driver of a motor vehicle is the occupant of the motor vehicle
operating it or intending to operate it. A motorcyclist is the driver of a
motor cycle. Other authorized occupants of a motor vehicle are passengers.
(m) An other road vehicle is any device, except a motor vehicle, in, on, or
by which any person or property may be transported on a highway.
Includes: animal carrying a person or goods
animal harnessed to conveyance
bicycle [pedal cycle]
Excludes: pedestrian conveyance [definition (q)]
(n) A streetcar is a device designed and used primarily for transporting
persons within a municipality, running on rails, usually subject to normal
traffic control signals, and operating principally on a right-of-way that
forms part of the traffic way. A trailer being towed by a streetcar is
considered a part of the streetcar.
Includes: interurban electric or streetcar, when specified to be operating
on a street or public highway
(o) A pedal cycle is any road transport vehicle operated solely by pedals.
Excludes: motorized bicycle [definition (i)]
(p) A pedal cyclist is any person riding on a pedal cycle or in a sidecar
attached to such vehicle.
(q) A pedestrian conveyance is any human powered device by which a pedestrian
may move other than by walking or by which a walking person may move another
Includes: baby carriage roller skates
coaster wagon scooter
ice skates skateboard
(r) A pedestrian is any person involved in an accident who was not at the
time of the accident riding in or on a motor vehicle, railroad train,
streetcar, animal-drawn or other vehicle, or on a bicycle or animal.
changing tire of vehicle
in or operating a pedestrian conveyance
making adjustment to motor of vehicle
(s) A watercraft is any device for transporting passengers or goods on the
(t) A small boat is any watercraft propelled by paddle, oars, or small motor,
with a passenger capacity of less than ten.
Includes: boat NOS row boat
canoe rowing shell
punt small motorboat
lifeboat (used after abandoning ship)
raft (anchored) being used as a diving platform
(u) An aircraft is any device for transporting passengers or goods in the
Includes: airplane [any type] glider
balloon military aircraft
(v) A commercial transport aircraft is any device for collective passenger or
freight transportation by air, whether run on commercial lines for profit or
by government authorities, with the exception of military craft.
RAILWAY ACCIDENTS (E800-E807)
For definitions of railway accident and related terms see definitions (a) to
Excludes: accidents involving railway train and:
motor vehicle (E810-E825)
The following fourth digits are for use with categories E800-E807 to identify
the injured person.
.0 Railway employee
Any person who by virtue of his employment in connection with
a railway, whether by the railway company or not, is at
increased risk of involvement in a railway accident.
Includes: catering staff on train
postal staff on train
sleeping car attendant
.1 Passenger on railway
Any person traveling on a train, except a railway employee.
Excludes: intending passenger waiting at station (.8)
unauthorized rider on railway vehicle (.8)
See definition (n)
.3 Pedal cyclist
See definition (p)
.8 Other specified person
Includes: intending passenger waiting at station
unauthorized rider on railway vehicle
.9 Unspecified person
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